Delegates at the last day of debate voting. (Carmen López)
The last journey of the URJCmun 2019 pulls out with difficulty at the Human Rights Council. With 35 delegations present, the final resolution towards the recognition of TRANS LGTBQ+ sexual identity was projected in front of the hall.
Before the ending voting that was long and intense, the debate forum was mainly leaded by Germany. During the session, the delegations had the opportunity to suggest and vote the amendments, which they have been previously working on.
The modifications proposed by the different states were numerous and variated so some of them were accepted however others were not.
Despite the effort of some delegations, establishing common points is at least hard when talking about such a large and variated Council. This difficulty increases substantially when treating a complex and controversial topic as the recognition of TRANS LGTBQ+ sexual identity.
After all, the resolution succeeded with 9 votes against and 3 abstentions.
The experience? Amazing
The lesson? The defense of Human Rights is such an arduous task but, at the same time, a thrilling challenge that needs to be faced.
Delegates voting during the debate session. (Carmen López)
Sweat on the forehead. Exhaustion and uncertainty imbued the room, but the end is nearby. The necessity of reaching a resolution towards the recognition of TRANS LGTBQ+ sexual identity is undeniable.
Turkey´s delegate proposal is based on the need of finding an agreement which fits best with the interest of both groups of countries: western and west nations. Germany, on his behalf, insisted on the idea of financing developing countries with the purpose of improving the quality of education in matters of human rights and equality. Nevertheless, not all the countries- for example Pakistan- accept what they considered an interference on their intern issues.
Successive unmoderated Caucus took place in the Human Rights Council during the third journey of URJCmun 2019 with the goal of reaching some consensus. A wide range of countries like Canada, United Kingdom, Argelia, Brasil, Pakistan or Poland- just taking a sample- raised their voice just to expound their view about the matter dealt with. The involvement of the states springs up considerably throughout the day.
The delegates faced many problems to reach an agreement. With a radical state of Nepal on stage emphasizing the significance of considering the opinion of every single state and after an intense attempt of building bridges, the light started to bright at the end of the tunnel: the draft resolution was presented and explained by a representation of the sponsors. Later, there was an opportunity to consider some amendments during an unmoderated Caucus.
The final resolution? It is yet to be seen.
The delegation of Afghanistan discussing their arguments (Carmen López).
Making progress wasn’t easy for the Human Rights Council in the second day of URJCmun 2019.
Too much general aspects were on stage and intense debates took place during the first sessions.
The room is divided, as China´s delegate outlines, in two ironclad blocs. On the one hand, one representative declaration was the argument of Angola which supports the necessity of respecting different cultures. On the other hand, other nations like Peru who outline the importance of treating every single person as a human worthy of rights. In the middle of both groups of countriessome peculiar states can be placed is the case of, for example, Sri Lanka whose speech streaks on the respect of freedom and traditions at the same time.
During the journey, some fundamental topics were addressed. This were the influence of capitalism in the recognition of LGTBQ rights or the concrete situation of the trans collective.
Achieving concrete goals seems hard when speaking about human rights: aims are diffuse and the efforts of the chairs when establishing common points result more inefficient at its time.
But during the last session something unexpected took place, a breaking new burst in the Council: two months ago, the France court started a legal procedure to an official, Edmong Gaulle, who was accused for giving a beating to a soldier.
Le Monde has access to an anonymous information which refers that the reason of that aggression was because the trans gender condition of the soldier. The trial has been now stopped because of the turning point given by that discovery. The worst fact is that this information has been hidden by the high-ranking military officials of France.
After that bomb the atmosphere was tense, and a new debate was opened. Are the Human Rights wavering? What can we do to avoid this kind of situations?
The delegates voting (Carmen López).
Expectancy and emotion ruled URJCmun 2019 first day and the climate at the Human Rights Council wasn’t different: nerves were on edge but every delegate stick to a great initiative during the sessions.
The Committes Conference was borne by Marta Méndez, a diplomatic at the Spanish Foreign Affair Ministry. Méndez address a wide range of topics such as the role of the Ministry in matters of human rights. The expert also highlighted the importance of the Yogyakarta principles and the UN reports.
Before reaching the main point “Towards the recognition of TRANS LGTBQ+ sexual identity”, which was established as the initial topic to come to the discussion table, a moderate Caucus was proposed by the state of Brazil. The aim of this country was to suggest a military intervention in the nation of Venezuela. The replies of the states were almost homogeneous: that possible intervention is totally illegal despite the fact that the problem must be solved due to humanitarian reasons. To give an example, Germany argued to divert that aspect to the Security Council.
After an aside in which Sri Lanka suggested resetting the agenda, suggestion which was absolutely denied, the main topic was tackle. During the session, each country could took the floor for less more than a minute which was time enough to outline it´s overall view about the issue.
The room was radically divided between those countries such as Finland, Australia, Canada, Brazil, France just to name a few - positioned in favour of the protection and promotion of LGBT+ rights- and, in contrast, those - essentially Muslim states, such as Iran or Arabia Saudi - which considered homosexuality an illness.
The most acclaimed intervention was star in the United Kingdom´s delegate whose speech strikes on the right of every single person to be respect.