Sara Lili | Day 3 The second topic of the committee, small arms and light weapons international marketing, was introduced the last day of the model of United Nations of Rey Juan Carlos University.
After exposing the general ideas, the members of the room had one common idea in mind: the illegal traffic of arms needs to stop for the safety of the countries. The United States believed in a carefully controlled production and distribution of weapons which could be sent to other countries in safe terms, but not every state thought the same thing.
Some countries which are not included in the agreement would be interested in joining, but not with the stipulations that occidental representatives were promoting.
That is why some of them agreed in the reform of the Arms Trade Treaty. China, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia and other countries are not in this treaty, which complicates the signing nations’ plans in order to stablish the authority and importance of the mentioned pact.
Nevertheless, non-signing countries are convinced that the agreement needs to resettle to fulfil their interests. Saudi Arabia talked about security in his territory for a safer sale of their weapons market, seeing as unnecessary some of the points regulated in the actual Arms Trade Treaty.
Meanwhile, the conversation was for those who wanted to attack their rivals. Iran and the US representatives kept debating about the interests in the Middle East while Pakistan and India insisted on the problem in their borders.
The delegates did not seem to find a common solution until Mexico suggested the interference of the INTERPOL to this huge obstacle for the committee. Members of the room agreed on this point of view, and suddenly the conversation took another direction.
Finally, delegates seemed to agree in the ideas their fellows were sharing, but no draft resolution was prepared until the last hour of the model. However, representatives came up with a quick and unanimous draft resolution which was ratified by all nineteen delegates of the committee.
It has been a great experience, URJCmunTEEN 2020, see you next year.
An unsuccessful conversation
Sara Lili | Day 2 Yesterday, economic and financial sanctions were the only solution for the General Assembly´s First Committee utilising dangerous weapon materiel. Although it is still a discussed option, today the strategy changed into convincing these governments to cease the use of chemical weapons.
Suspicions were the main obstacle of the day. The delegations of different countries kept accusing each other of having chemical weapons or not, but generally, of being untrustworthy of their declarations. What wanted to be an appealing statement to join the Chemical Weapon’s Convention ended being a battlefield.
The attempts happening is Syria have still been underlined in the committee, but the delegate of the United States of America has involved a new country in the business: Democratic People´s Republic of Korea. The DPRK government denies having any chemical weapons, but not being in the Chemical Weapons Convention questions its veracity. However, it did not just question this country’s truthfulness.
The United States of America stated that they owned chemical arsenal since the first day, which has totally gone against the representative in this committee. His accusations to Korea, Pakistan, Russia or Iran have increased the tension in the room and its democratic speech has turned into an unreliable source of information and, in a higher level, a doubtful ally. Moreover, the US delegate has strengthened the opposite bloc to confront their rival.
In between all these ups and downs, the members of both blocs prepared their draft papers. To distinguish the truth from the lie was almost impossible and measures had to be taken in order to avoid more international conflicts.
The bloc of the United States of America, which includes a huge part of the committee, gave its draft resolution to the board in the afternoon. The resolution was submitted to vote untouched despite the amendment suggested by the other group, which could not pass the voting to be added to the paper, and it was accepted by thirteen out of nineteen delegates.
This resolution included investigations in countries, a reform of the Chemical Weapon’s program and economic and financial sanctions to those who do not obey what the current treaties establish. Finally, it seems that the General Assembly’s First Committee has a plan to control these dangerous weapons.
From owning to using, and damaging.
Sara Lili | Day 1 Welcome to the Disarmament and International Security Committee, or better known as DISEC. This committee is one of the six main committees at the General Assembly of the United Nations, and it deals with disarmament and international security matters. This is exactly what the delegates have been discussing during all day.
After the conference, the environment started to feel loaded due to the confrontations between some of the deputy in the room. “Who owns chemical weapons?” That is the question that has initiated the discussion. Although most of the countries have denied this accusation, even if it was true, the United States of America have admitted the ownership of these substance weapons, and it led to an intense debate.
As the delegates talked, there was an agreement among them about annulling every chemical weapon of each country to avoid any harmful activities for citizens. Because of that, delegates have come up with the idea of inspections and investigations to control the transmission and ownership of chemical arsenal each state could manage. Nevertheless, the delegation of Iran has pointed out the fact that the UN has no right to approve these investigations because it would be an illegal penetration to a territory where the General Assembly does not have any power.
But this problem led to a bigger one: how do we end the use of chemical weapons against Syria? The last February 24th, the United Nations sent a letter to this exact committee in which they reported six critical points about Syria’s actual situation, and our delegates seem to take this seriously.
Delegates believe applying economic sanctions to those governments who choose to develop chemical weaponry plans to use them against the citizens of a certain territory is the best thought. However, sanctions not always work if interests are more powerful.
It seems like the exposed ideas have been enough in order to create two blocks and start preparing their draft resolutions. We will keep you updated.