Our committee (including delegates, chair and co-chair) were left wanting some more in the previous session, so the table was excited about how to punish to delegates that were late.
India, Iraq, Israel, South Korea and the United States of America had to read parts of Fifty Shades of Greys”, putting all their passion in the lecture.
The co-chair started the session with a phrase by Ban Ki-moon: “Some might complain that nuclear disarmament is little more than a dream. But that ignores the very tangible benefits disarmament would bring for all humankind. Its success would strengthen international peace and security. It would free up vast and much-needed resources for social and economic development. It would advance the rule of law”.
Today we have had 38 countries. Delegations such as China, the Russian Federation, United Kingdom and France are political and economical steady and that is why they were able to help and defend other countries. Furthermore, the Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya didn’t believe in the Non-Proliferation Treaty. It considered it as an obsoleted promise.
In other terms, the Russian Federation took into action a motion about the security threat caused by terrorist groups with consequences, with 21 votes in favour. In accordance to this state, the nuclear terrorism threated the security life of the world. China believed that the main problem is transferring nuclear materials and it is necessary to control it. The deal with Iran (in words of Israel) was that this state has supported terrorists groups, such as Hamas.
Iran took the opportunity to attack Israel. They have never supported terrorist groups and they have proved they did not have nuclear weapons. But Israel replied that Hezbolla and Hamas are upholding them. China, as a mediator, reaffirmed that all the countries had a common enemy: all the terrorist groups.
The Russian Federation manifested that it is necessary to secure a specific area, the Middle East, with the support of the Kingdom of Spain. Spain itself, France and Syria confirmed this state: cooperation and solutions are the way to finish the transfer of nuclear weapons. The delegate of France, referring to the last terrorist attack in Paris, said: “We have to work because can be the next one”. Mali finished the motion supporting a free zone in the Middle East. Al-Qaeda and Daesh are presents in the North Western of Africa, where there are lots of mines of uranium.
China proposed an extension of the previous topic. In its opinion, one solution to solve the problem might be a military intervention. Meanwhile, Israel defended that “Nobody knows the fear better than Israel” and they are begging help to European Union in order to join and help them. However, many countries, such as Palestine and Syria, commented that the Israel’s position is not clear: it is the unique state that do not want to sign a treaty to create a free zone in the Middle East.
France opened the floor again. India created a motion about the creation of a free nuclear area and it passed. The United States of America, although this nation should talk more in this topic since Israel is the apple of its eyes, they said they are not dreamers. The disarmament will finish when the terrorism finishes and the NPT is the key.
China demanded solutions from the countries affected by terrorism. In response to this, Syria said that they couldn’t do it alone and that is why they ask for help and dialogue. On the other hand, Libya carried out the weapons and they defended it as an advice to get a solution. Mali could not be as positive as Libya: it could be the first step, but they need more.
Rwanda proposed a motion about widening of NPT. France supported it, next to Norway. NPT needed an implement and measures to reinforce the credibility and ensure the global security. Another position came from India. They are not in the NPT but they earned the trust of some countries, such as China, France and the United States.
Brazil continued discussing about the NPT or a new treaty. France assumed that there are more things that can be done, but always within NPT. Both nuclear and non-nuclear countries must work together, a position reaffirmed by Lebanon. United States thought that another treaty would be a waste of time and resources. Finally, Iran considered that a violation does not mean the treaty is useless since in their case, it was very effective.
Cuba, on the other side of the coin, said that it is time to find a new solution. Rwanda, supporting Cuba, mentioned the article 6 of the NPT, because they thought is the worst part of the treaty: “nuclear-armed states compromise in good faith to initiate negotiations for the reduction and liquidation of their nuclear arsenals”. Pakistan postponed the debate.
During the lobby, we had fourth positions: one composed by countries of the Middle East, with the influence of China, India, Russia, in order to maintain the NPT. If they did not sign the NPT, everything will be OK if countries such as China or Russia evaluate them. Probably this alliance might be reinforce by North Korea since they had compromised not to manufacture nuclear weapons, being revised by the Atomic Energy Agency (AIEA), being eliminated some sanctions and avoid the presence of the United States of America and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).
The nonaligned countries (Cuba, Venezuela, Brazil, Mexico, Pakistan and Vietnam) wanted to create an effective multilateral resolution, but there are few countries in order to pass a motion (they need the thirty per cent). The other two sides are the France’s group (including Japan, Australia, United States of America, United Kingdom), that promote the NPT, and, on the other side, the African countries (Libya, South Africa).
The French Republic accompanied the last session of the day. Russia, talking about its working paper, urged the support of other countries. A motion is promoted by France to discuss the results of the lobby. China emphasized that North Korea “is working really hard” in order to achieve a stable situation and Russia supported the idea of some countries must have the opportunity to “re-think and change for the better”. As we can see, the tension among China, France and Russia is palpable.
Although this situation could be ideal, Norway believed that it is not the first time that North Korea cheated in a treaty. Moreover, Japan stated that Pakistan did not sign the treaty because India did not do it too. The icing on the cake was possible thanks to Brazil. They said that they cannot understand why a country like China would leave the NPT, but China told that they wanted to modify it. Finally, the last part of the session is dedicated to a general consultation promoted by Russia in order to find some common points among all the working papers.
After Iran suspended the debate, the Committee of Disarmament and International Security received the visit of the Staff. They distributed carnations and motivated delegates to come to the social event: the Global Village.