We have started the third day of our committee and, although we have another day until we finish this URJCMUN 2016, we are assuming that all sweet moments have a happy end. Of course, we are talking about the global village. Some of our dear delegates had long faces and they seemed that they needed a bed urgently. However, the Russian Federation might need a bottle of water because of their presentation at the beginning of the morning: “We are present, hangover and voting”.
Its enemy on this committee, the French Republic, admitted that its federation did not get drink, meanwhile others could not resist the powerful effect of the alcohol (maybe Russian alcohol). In different terms, Mali complained about wasting food in these events.
After the ordinary roll-call, Spain made a great point, as a way to support the France’s idea of the previous day. All the countries involved must reinforce NPT because it has been demonstrated that it is the main tool to stop the nuclear facilities and have an unique opportunity to get the peace around the world. Nine countries had nuclear weapons, plus the ones that have the capability to manufacture them. Bear in mind this situation, which creates insecurity, this state advocated for a Western alliance.
Furthermore, Russia presented today its working paper. Their sponsors were, apart of them, Islamic Republic of Iran, People’s Republic of China and Republic of India; their signatories was composed by Arab Republic of Egypt, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Lebanese Republic, Republic of Iraq, Republic of Rwanda, Republic of Turkey and Syrian Arab Republic.
Norway presented another proposal of working paper too. They were a co-sponsor, next to Australia, Spain and Italy, but the sponsors were France, United Kingdom and Japan. China tried to introduce a motion in order to present its working paper but they could not do so because the chairs did not revise their draft, so it is not applicable.
India proposed an unmoderated caucus to debate the two main draft resolutions. The delegations of Russia and China thanked to India have had also get North Korea’s help. On the other hand, we have got the NATO powers that are trying to stick together, just as Professor Garrido explained them the first day. So, the main objective of both resolutions is to reinforce the NPT.
Libya supported this last position (French and NATO) because they considered they could not join a working paper from countries such as Russia and China since the current problems with the war they lived. In words of Gandhi: “Be the change that you wish to see in the world”.
People’s Republic of China did not stay quiet. In its opinion, France had no plan action in their resolution, whereas they always were willing to aid economical, military and humanitarian to all the regions that needed help. The tension is clear, especially for vital words like “resolution” and “working paper”, because they are not the same.
For Russia, there is more than NATO power and it can be widely seen in their resolution. They had more countries from Asia, Africa and Europe. However, they proposed to join both working papers in order to find common points of action. France replied saying that it was not a NATO resolution when there are other countries, such as Japan, which are guarantying transparency. As Israel said, they supported France, the United Kingdom and Japan because the NPT has proven to be useless.
Although the United States must be an important piece of the play (it is true they support France in their resolution), they did not reply a direct accusation from Syria, which explained that they were not supporting the NATO draft because it was against their leader and it was supporting the war that they are suffering.
Finally, France proposed a motion to introduce its draft resolution. China, as we said before, tried to introduce another one for some reasons: North Korea did not defend their position because they have accepted the reviewers’ entry and, as they have changed the last quote, it has to be checked by the chair all over again. By the way, the chair did not admit it and the motion of France passed.
This country explained their draft resolution all along with the United Kingdom and Japan. In words of them: “Thank all the people who vote to read it, it does not mean that they agree but they are to discuss and read it and that is the spirit”.
Meanwhile they read the draft resolution, Brazil talked about new amendments. They wanted a bank from UN in order to control countries which have nuclear weapons and they are nor in the NPT but they support it. The main objective will be the disarmament.
Some attacks came from China and Russia. They thought the draft was based on transparency as their only argument and about the fact that they do not have the support of North Korea, for example. United Kingdom does not trust in China and Russia after the incident that took place two weeks ago with different tests. Moreover, India attacked Russia: “Too much literature, little acts”.
Countries such as Libya and Congo supported the resolution in every sense. They thought is a chance to develop in democracy. However, Russia said that France’s resolution is nothing new and they only wanted to keep Israel happy. Lebanon spoke about they needed to focus in the action in the Middle East; that is why they are asking for the creation of this zone.
After the lobby, China proposed a motion in order to explain their draft. Its clause 7 is not approved and they had to change it. The main difference between both drafts is that they also focus on problems of the international environment. The Russian Federation told a story to defend their working paper: few years ago, nobody believed in the United States and the Soviet Union in order to leave their weapons and today that is a fact.
Libya asked India and Pakistan how Russia is going to help them to get democracy when they are not. That is why the delegation of Russia felt offended by this comment. On the other side of the coin, the United States thought that disarmament could not be achieved in one day; it is impossible until terrorism disappear.
After lots of points of order between Russia and France, the resolution of France was voted first and it passed because of just one vote. With the support expressed by United Kingdom, Japan and the signatures: “We are very much looking forward to an even broader consensus while discussing tomorrow's topic - the situation of children under conflicts and their reintegration to society - and to negotiate to address and effectively uphold the rights of the child”.