We are on the campus of Móstoles, on the first day of URJCMUN 2016, on its fourth edition. After all the formal events, such as the delivery of the Participant’s Credentials, the Opening Ceremony and the General Conferences, the delegates were ready to start this new model. In our case, we will talk about DISEC: the Committee about Disarmament and International Security of URJCMUN.
The Committee Conference has started with Vicente Garrido, a teacher of the International Relations degree in Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, specialised in Security and Defence. He is part of the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters of the General Secretary of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moom, since 2014 until 2017.
Our dear delegates must take into account, in the words of Garrido, that their own resolutions in this committee will have a considerable impact on the General Assembly. This is because their resolutions will be the basis for future measures.
Normally, in this committee, everybody should know that NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) states always vote together and that is a very sensitive issue. But they are not the only one. There is another example: the European Union states always vote together too, except Ireland, Austria, Malta and Cyprus. In fact, Austria, although it is not represented this year, it is a vital country for the reason that it proposes a new successor to the NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty).
In other terms, when we talk about violations of NPT, one of the main topics of this year, we only refer to two cases: Iran and North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea). The consequences about the sanctions to North Korea can be seen nowadays. There was not a fulfilment of the NPT when the Budapest Memorandums on Security Assurances was signed. When the Russian Federation split up, this led to four new republics: Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Byelorussia. In case that the security of these three new republics was in danger, Russia will assume the security of them. But Russia should prove its own security first.
The problem with North Korea is that this state signed the NPT in 1895. When they signed it, they had an obligation: they will be evaluated by the rest of the United Nations States if they were manufacturing nuclear weapons, directly or indirectly. In case you want to produce nuclear materials, you need uranium or plutonium (specially Iraq, who has a reactor which separate uranium from plutonium). But if you are able to sign it, you are really willing to open your facilities or let robots look for radioactivity in the water and analyse it.
Garrido emphasized that all the delegates must bear in mind that the main problem was that they have to promote resolutions, but no more sanctions. They have to follow the Iran’s example. This country was agree to put into operation a plan of action with several points, which ended as an agreement comprehensive plan of action. The Committee eliminated partially the sanctions, especially in economic terms. After all, it was established that Iran would be continued reporting all his activities. Moreover, they have to prove in the next ten years that the will not develop nuclear weapons.
After all this long speech, the chair, Sofía Barahona, and the co-chair, Nieves Turégano, introduced themselves in a colloquial way. This edition is the first time for the majority of the delegates and it is a really strange committee because Germany is not participating. Russia opened the debate and the Roll-Call started.
On the one hand, Israel proposed the Violation of the Non-Proliferation Treaty as the first topic to discuss about. To defend it, Israel said that it was ready to work with the rest of its partners because it was really important preventing humanity from nuclear weapons. On the other hand, France thought that that is a paralysed area and the children after a conflict need more attention, protection and reinforce the efforts to integrate into the community. 28 states were in favour with the topic A (Violation of the Non-Proliferation Treaty), so this motion passed.
The General Speakers List started to increase its volume when the first delegates started to talk, such as the Russian Federation, Norway, Lebanon, Israel, Brazil, Venezuela and Iran. Some of the main states (United States of America, China, India) showed their disagreement with North Korea because they believed this country did not take it seriously this topic. Nevertheless, North Korea defended that its nuclear program was legal; its use is justified in case of self-defence.
The rest of countries finished the first day of this committee, in which we can announce that the words “tension” and “alliances” will be in our daily vocabulary.