The UNHCR has discussed today three main topics funding's for humanitarian aid, fights against criminal organisations and resettlements of refugees. During the session, divisions began to be clear, and though some states haven't showed a clear positioning, three main groups have started to develop working papers to reach a solution for refugees. Firstly, a group led by USA, UK and Germany and with a strong collaboration of Turkey, developed the idea of creating a central financial fund. Secondly Arab states have reached an understanding and lead by the United Arab Emigrates began to develop a plan. Lastly a small bonding has surge between countries which have had border issues and are used as routes to Germany; Led by Croatia, Serbia and Czech republic, this small group developed a plan which clearly stated they didn't want powerful nations such as the USA to be the ones who decide the policies or management of refugee aid within their countries. In addition, Serbia appointed that "they will look for economical aid towards Russia", the reason for this explained Czech Republic is that "The USA hasn't showed commitment to cooperate with us, plans which involved our countries are being developed without us". Nevertheless, there has been talks between other countries during the session, it is to stand out Turkey, Jordan and the UAE's cooperation whom have showed an active interest towards all nations. In addition secret conversations have been going on between different nations such as China and USA, which we hope to find out soon about.
The committee began with the issue proposed by Turkey of funding of humanitarian aid. Turkey was the first one to suggest "setting up a fund to lead with financial struggles going on in countries that are accepting refugees". UAE agreed with this issue, and emphasized on the fact that refugees were reliant on aid and proposed the idea of using funding for integration of refugees in the labour market, idea that was mentioned during the whole committee and no countries seemed to respond. All countries appeared to accept this idea but in deeper details clashes occurred. The only exception for this was the Holy See, who felt offended and remembered "people are not just numbers, refugees can't be considered as economic data". Pakistan and Jordan demanded they should be included on the list of countries who will receive this aid, and as Pakistan said "Economically strong countries should send money to countries who don't have capacity to help refugees". After this, USA proposed a non-moderated caucas to draft working papers for this funding. Here was the turning point of the committee, when division began to arouse. Whilst USA, UK, Turkey and Germany where developing its working paper and agreeing with the clauses exposed, Jordan didn't give its full approval as it won't accept clause 2 of the working paper, which states it "Recommends the monitoring of this central financial fund by the main donating powers".
The second topic suggested by Germany was criminal organisations, which Germany defined due to UEA's petition as "organisations that take the money of refugees in exchange of entering them illegally into a country which are named as mafias and traficant's". Germany suggested giving ID cards to refugees which will contribute to know each individual situation of each refugee. Though UK saw it as a good initiative, it wasn't convinced as it said "it could make people feel discriminated". Russia, with little response from the rest of the countries, suggested as a solution "raising a new fund that will help fight those organisations". The last proposal which was held by the UK to solve this issue, was creating legal routes. UAE agreed, but felt it should be held as a topic itself, not as a possibility for solving the issue of criminal organisations.
Resettlement of refugees brought the most disagreeing between countries. Many nations declared that they will not accept more refugees such as Pakistan who explains that "with the actual US bombing, our country is unable of dealing with refugees, our country is in a delicate moment, and needs aid as they have been the host country for 3,5 million Afghans". On the other hand most countries such as Sweden, UK or France gave a limit of refugees they will accept. Nevertheless, there were still nations, especially Jordan, much poorer than the ones who posed limits for refugees, who openly said they will still accept refugees. Jordan is an example for hosting refugees, in 2015 more than a million refugees sought asylum in Jordan and these refugees as they remembered "80% are no longer living in camps and have a house". Lebanon added that in its case and other bordering countries with Syria "relocation should be done, as a global problem is solved globally, and we are overwhelmed".
In addition, the Holy See's controversial demand of being given the right to vote has been rejected. The organisation hasn't explained why such decision, but the Holy See, outraged with the situation, hasn't remained quiet. As a protest, they decided to cross out on its card the word "observer", and even though it hasn't been admitted, it has participated in all votings.
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